9 Ways How to Prevent Split Ends and Hair Damage

9 Ways How to Prevent Split Ends and Hair Damage

Split ends are a common hair woe that many of us face, but don’t let that be a cause for concern. There are several ways to prevent them and keep your locks healthy and vibrant. To follow a good prevention strategy, it’s important to understand the causes of split ends. Let’s tackle how to prevent split ends and hair damage in nine effective ways in this quick read.

What Causes Split Ends?

There are many causes of split ends–it could be how you take care of your hair, the weather, or even aging. Talking about each one in detail allows you to pinpoint the exact cause of your split ends, and from there, you already know how to prevent it. Here are 10 of the most common reasons for having split ends.

Excessive Heat-Styling

One of the major culprits behind split ends is excessive heat styling. High temperatures from flat irons, curling wands, and blow dryers can damage the hair's cuticle, leading to split ends over time. Are you using heat protectant products before styling your hair? That’s a great preventative measure to minimize the damage.


If your hair is constantly dry, you are at a higher risk of split ends due to the lack of moisture and flexibility. Exposure to harsh weather conditions, excessive sun exposure, and overwashing can strip the hair of its natural oils, leaving it dry and brittle.


While keeping your hair clean is essential for scalp health, you must also avoid overwashing! Overwashing strips away the natural oils that protect your strands, leaving them vulnerable to damage and split ends. According to your hair type and lifestyle, try to make it a habit of washing your hair two to three times a week.


We lose elasticity and moisture when we age, and our hair is no exception. The lack of those makes it more susceptible to split ends and breakage. Try to use targeted hair care products and treatments that can help combat the effects of aging on your hair.

Aggressive Towel-Drying

Rubbing your hair vigorously with a towel after washing can cause friction and damage the hair cuticle, leading to split ends. Rather than doing that, gently squeeze out excess water and pat your hair dry with a soft, microfiber towel to minimize damage.

Brushing Too Much

While brushing your hair helps distribute natural oils and detangle strands, excessive brushing, especially when your hair is wet, can cause breakage and split ends. It’s best to use a wide-tooth comb or a brush since those are specifically designed for wet hair to minimize damage.

Sleeping on a Rough Pillowcase

Have you ever assessed the type of fabric your pillowcase has? That alone can also affect your hair health. Rough pillowcases made of cotton or other abrasive materials can cause friction and breakage, which is a possible reason for your split ends. Choose silk or satin pillowcases to reduce friction and smooth your hair while sleeping.

Harsh Weather Conditions

As mentioned previously, harsh weather conditions, such as cold winds, dry air, and excessive humidity, can strip moisture from your hair and leave it prone to damage and split ends. The best way to protect your hair from these conditions is by wearing hats or scarves or using protective hair products.

Chemical Hair Treatments

Chemical treatments like hair dyeing, bleaching, and perming can weaken the hair shaft and lead to split ends if not done properly or if done too frequently. It's essential to follow professional advice and use nourishing treatments to maintain the health of chemically treated hair.

Using Rubber Bands

Tight hairstyles secured with rubber bands or elastic hair ties can cause stress and breakage, leading to split ends, especially around the hairline. Opt for hair-friendly accessories like scrunchies or fabric-covered elastic bands to minimize damage.

Which Hair Type is More Prone to Split Ends?

While all hair types can experience split ends, those with finer or more delicate hair textures may be more prone to them due to their hair's increased susceptibility to damage and breakage.

Types of Split Ends

Did you know there are many types of split ends? While they may all look the same at first glance, there are some slight differences. 

Double Split

Double split ends occur when the hair shaft splits into two or more strands at the end, giving the appearance of a "Y" shape. This is the most common and easily recognizable type of split end.

Partial Split

The partial split clearly indicates that your hair is dry and damaged. Luckily, this type of split end means that there’s still time for you to give it TLC and bring it back to life.


Feathered split ends occur when the outer layer of the hair cuticle wears away, causing the strands to fray and split into multiple thinner strands.

Single Strand Knots

Single-strand knots, or fairy knots, occur when a single strand of hair twists upon itself and forms a small knot. These knots often lead to breakage and split ends if not properly treated.

How to Prevent Split Ends

Keeping your hair protected and healthy is the key to preventing split ends. Here are nine simple preventative measures you can do to prevent split ends. By adopting these techniques, you can expect little to no split ends and achieve healthier and smoother hair.

Use Heat Protection

If you’re a fan of using heat styling tools, be sure to apply a heat protectant spray or serum to create a barrier between your hair and the heat. This reduces the risk of damage and split ends.

Wash Your Hair Gently

Time for a wash day? When it comes to washing your hair, what type of shampoo are you using? Choose the shampoo with gentle ingredients and avoid scrubbing too vigorously. Aggressive scrubbing can strip away natural oils and damage the hair cuticle.

Avoid Using Too Much Shampoo

We mentioned using gentle shampoo. Make sure you don’t over-shampoo as well because it can strip away natural oils and moisture from your hair. Overshampooing can dry out your hair and make it prone to split ends. Use a small amount of shampoo and focus on cleansing the scalp rather than the lengths of your hair.

Get Trims Regularly

Regular trims every 6-8 weeks help prevent split ends from traveling up the hair shaft and causing further damage. Even if you're trying to grow your hair long, having a regular trim helps maintain your overall hair health.

Have a Haircut with Hot Scissors

If you’re getting a haircut, try getting it with hot scissors–also known as thermal scissors. How it works is that it seals the hair cuticle as they cut, reducing the chances of split ends.

Use a Microfiber Towel

Swap out your regular towel for a microfiber towel when drying your hair. Microfiber towels are known to be gentler on the hair cuticle and help reduce friction, minimizing the risk of split ends.

Don’t Take Super Hot Showers

While a hot shower may be relaxing, it can strip your hair of its natural oils and cause damage to the hair cuticle. If you can’t stand the cold water, then changing the heat to lukewarm is also okay in maintaining its moisture balance.

Avoid Blow Drying the Ends

When blow drying your hair, focus on drying the roots and mid-lengths first, then gently dry the ends using a lower heat setting or allowing them to air dry to reduce heat damage and split ends.

Refrain From Picking the Ends

As tempting as it may be to pick or split your split ends, this actually worsens the damage and causes more split ends to form. Instead, schedule regular trims with your hairstylist to remove split ends properly.

Use Repair Treatments

There are many hair treatments in the market that cater to split-end treatment.Olaplex’s No. 3 Hair Protector is an amazing product for repairing hair damage and split ends. If you want a whole hair repair routine, they also have aHair Repair System that contains all the bestsellers known for intense hair repair.


Split ends are a common hair concern that can be prevented with the right care and attention. At the end of the day, the best way to prevent and get rid of them is by adopting a consistent hair care routine that involves regular trims and limiting the use of hot tools.

Remember, a little care goes a long way in maintaining beautiful, damage-free hair.

Ready to upgrade your hair routine? Find only the best and most effective products here atTotality Skin Care! Your journey to healthy hair starts today!

Search our shop